Internet Protocol Suite

What is Internet Protocol Suite

The Internet protocol suite, according to WikipediA, is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used in the Internet and similar computer networks. It is commonly known as TCP/IP because the foundational protocols in the suite are the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP). It is occasionally known as the Department of Defense (DoD) model because the development of the networking method was funded by the United States Department of Defense through DARPA.

The Internet protocol suite provides end-to-end data communication specifying how data should be packetized, addressed, transmitted, routed, and received. This functionality is organized into four abstraction layers, which classify all related protocols according to the scope of networking involved. From lowest to highest, the layers are the link layer, containing communication methods for data that remains within a single network segment (link); the internet layer, providing internetworking between independent networks; the transport layer, handling host-to-host communication; and the application layer, providing process-to-process data exchange for applications.

The technical standards underlying the Internet protocol suite and its constituent protocols are maintained by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The Internet protocol suite predates the OSI model, a more comprehensive reference framework for general networking systems.

Internet Protocol suite (IP suite), according, is the standard network model and communication protocol stack used on the Internet and on most other computer networks. While other networking models exist, the IP suite is overwhelmingly the global standard for computer-to-computer communication.

The IP suite follows a client/server model, in which multiple client programs share the services of a common server program. Protocols in the suite define end-to-end data handling methods for everything from packetizing, addressing and routing to receiving. Broken down into layers the IPS includes the link layer, the internet layer, the transport layer, application layer and the physical layer. Each layer contains a number of protocols for communications. The suite is sometimes just called TCP/IP, because those are the predominant protocols in the model and were the first ones used. However, the IP suite involves many other protocols.

IP address management

What is IPAM (IP Address Management)?

IP address management (IPAM), according to WikipediA, is a methodology implemented in computer software for planning and managing the assignment and use of IP addresses and closely related resources of a computer network. It does not typically provide Domain Name System (DNS) and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) services, but manages information for these components.

Additional functionality, such as controlling reservations in DHCP and other data aggregation and reporting capabilities, is also common. Data tracked by an IPAM system may include information such as IP addresses in use, and the associated devices and users. Centralized collection of this information may support troubleshooting and abuse investigations.

IPAM tools are increasingly important as new IPv6 networks are deployed with large address pools of 128-bit hexadecimal numbers and new subnetting techniques.

IPAM (IP Address Management), according to Infoblox, is the administration of DNS and DHCP, which are the network services that assign and resolve IP addresses to machines in a TCP/IP network. Simply put, IPAM is a means of planning, tracking, and managing the Internet Protocol address space used in a network. Most commonly, tools such as DNS and DHCP are used in tandem to perform this task, though true IPAM will glue these services together so that each is aware of changes in the other (for instance DNS knowing of the IP address taken by a client via DHCP, and updating itself accordingly).

List of products

SolutionDatabase support
6connectMySQL, ElasticSearch
Address CommanderPostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle
ApplianSys DNSBOXEmbedded PostgreSQL Database
BlueCat NetworksEmbedded PostgreSQL Database
BT Diamond IPMySQL, Oracle
Cisco Network RegistrarYes SQL
CollinsMySQL MariaDB
Device42Embedded PostgreSQL Database
EfficientIPEmbedded DDBMS
FusionLayer InfinityHybrid PostgreSQL & NoSQL
HaCiMySQL, PostgreSQL
InfobloxEmbedded real-time distributed database
IP-AdminMicrosoft SQL Server
IPplanPostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server
MAAS - Metal as a ServicePostgreSQL
Men & Mice Suiteinternal SQLite, Microsoft SQL Server
MicrosoftWindows Internal Database, Microsoft SQL Server
MorpheusPostgreSQL, MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server
NetdotMySQL, PostgreSQL
NSoTMySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, SQLite
OpenNetAdminMySQL (via adodb)
Pandora FMS IPAM ext.MySQL
RackTablesMySQL, MariaDB
Route Inventory ManagementEmbedded database
SolarWinds IP Address ManagerMicrosoft SQL Server
VitalQIPSybase, Oracle